Tengyur7 September, 2020 2023-05-02 16:15
The Tibetan collection of the commentaries on the Buddha’s teachings, our first version is the Dege Tengyur.
AN INTRODUCTION TO THE TENGYUR
The Tengyur is all the commentaries of the Buddha’s teachings, sometimes referred to as the Translated Treatises.
The Tengyur is a collection of commentaries on all of the Buddha’s teachings. The commentaries were originally written by great Indian masters which were later translated into the Tibetan language and then called the Tengyur, meaning translated theses. We can persistently use reasoning as a wisdom weapon to cut off the obstacles experienced by sentient beings and use merit to transform them into virtuousness. The original Sanskrit name for this collection is “Shastra”, where “shas” means to cut off and “tra” means to rescue, together meaning “thesis”.
Copies of the Tengyur in the Adarshah offices.
THE DEGE TENGYUR
Produced from 1737, Tenpa Tsering, the 42nd chief of the Dege Kham region in Tibet, presided over the publication of the Tengyur, in accordance with the instructions of the 30th Sakya Trinzin Jamyang Tashi Lhundrub
At the time of the publication, Tenpa Tsering mainly referred to the Tengyur written by Ga Anyen Dampa and Situ Chogyi Jungne, disciples of the Yuan dynasty teacher Phags-pa, and offered by the Karmapa. The Dege version of the Tengyur was handwritten with silver ink and includes newly collected texts. Tenpa Tsering passed away after the seventh volume of the Dege Tengyur was being carved. His son, Kunga Trinle Gyaltso, continued to preside over the work of the publication.
Although the Buddha sun has set, the radiant light of the holy dharma remains in the world,
To bring endless benefit to all sentient beings, Emaho, marvelous good merit as this,
Blessed by the radiant beams of Buddha’s qualities, From the Two Supreme Ones, Six Ornaments and Seven Masters,
By the power of the lineage gurus like galaxies in space, The profound and abundant holy dharma remains uncorrupted,
From the ladder of the precious Four Philosophical Schools, Go into the palace of omniscience and unfathomable victory,
Settled upon the precious throne of Shamatha, Countless numbers of lucid expositions manifest,
Realizing the state of enlightenment as it is, Adhere to the treasure chest of the supreme vehicle;
The illustrious and changeless Prasangika-Madhyamika, Pay homage to the learned and accomplished ones.
The Dege Tengyur is the more widely distributed version of the Tengyur in Tibet due to its special features such as containing a greater number of texts compared to other versions of the Tengyur, less incorrectly written words, well-ordered and pleasing layout, featuring of exquisite Buddhist images and use of clear and beautiful font that embodies the unique Tibetan wood-carving craftmanship and creates joy in readers of the Tengyur.
The Tengyur is arranged as follows：
One volume on the section of praises
01) One volume of praises.
Seventy eight volumes on the section of tantra (stotram)
02) Nine volumes on Hevajra.
03) Five volumes on Kalachakra.
04) Nine volumes on Chakrasamvarasamuchaya.
05) Half a volume on Chaturpitha.
06) Half a volume on Mahamaya.
07) Half a volume on Vajrmrita.
08) Half a volume on Buddhakapala.
09) One volume on Sarvabuddhasamayoga.
10) One volume on Tarasadhana.
11) Seventeen volumes on Mahayogasadhana.
12) Two and a half volumes on Yamarisadhana.
13) Half a volume on Manjurinamasagitisadhana.
14) Half a volume on Bhagavadekajatasadhana.
15) One volume and a half on Vajrapanimahayaksasenapati.
16) Three volumes on Sambhavasanchodani.
17) Nine volumes on Mayajaletantra.
18) Three and a half volumes on Manjusrinamasangiti yogatantra.
19) Two and a half volumes on Sarvarahasya nibandha and Durgatiparisodhana.
20) Two volumes on Vairochanbhisambodhi.
21) Four volumes on Charyatantra.
22) Three and a half volumes on Chaturasadhana.
23) One volume on Chatursamayasadhana.
24) Half a volume on Tirthayatra and Mangalagatha.
Sixteen volumes on the section of Prajnaparamita
25) Eleven volumes on Abhisamayaprajnaparamita.
26) Five volumes on Prajnaparamitopadea.
Seventeen volumes on Madhyamika
27) Seventeen volumes on Mulamadhyamika.
Ten volumes on Sutram
28) Ten volumes on Sarva Sutram Vivarana.
Sixteen volumes on Cittamatram
29) Sixteen volumes on Cittamatram Vivarana.
Eleven volumes on Abhidharma
30) Eleven volumes on Abhidharma.
Eighteen volumes on Vinaya
31) Eighteen volumes on Vinaya.
Section on Jataka
32) Four and a half volumes on Jataka.
33) One volume on Lekha Katha.
Section on Pramana
34) Twenty volumes on Pramana.
Section on Vyakrana
35) Six volumes on Vyakarana Sutra.
Section on Vaidya
36) Five volumes on Vaidya Sutra.
Section on Kritya
37) Half a volume on Kritya Sutra.
38) Half a volume on Niti Sastra.
39) Three and a half volumes on Bhotpandita Sutra.
40) Half a volume on Atisha Sutra.
41) Half a volume on Mangalagatha.